What Blog Post Would an AI Bot Write About Lean in Healthcare?


There's a new “AI copy writing tool” that I read about called copy.ai. I decided to play around with a free trial and, of course, I tested it by asking the service to write a blog post about Lean in healthcare.

I gave it some keywords, including:

  • Toyota
  • Lean
  • Leadership
  • Culture
  • Management
  • Continuous improvement

It's surprisingly not terrible. The text is below and I'll interject as a human with text that's in italics and labeled “Mark:”.


Lean healthcare is a term that's thrown around a lot, but what does it actually mean? And most importantly: how do we improve our healthcare system using this new-age management strategy? In this article, I'll break down the basics of lean and explain why we need to implement it in our hospitals.

Mark: I don't know if I'd go with “new-age” — a modern management strategy maybe?

What is lean healthcare improvement?

Lean healthcare improvement is a continuous improvement process that uses the tools of the lean methodologies to solve problems. In healthcare, we use these tools to improve processes, eliminate waste and unnecessary steps in care delivery and improve patient outcomes.

The tools of lean include:

  • Problem solving (kaizen)
  • Visual management – using visual cues to identify areas for improvement
  • 5S – organization based on efficiency and cleanliness (5S stands for sort, straighten or organize, shine or clean up, standardize so that all tools/equipment are in their place at all times; repeat this every day)
  • Continuous flow – moving patients through in an orderly fashion with no bottlenecks or delays

Mark: It's interesting that the AI would focus on “tools.” Lean is more than tools of course… it's primary about the philosophy, as Toyota people say. And the Japanese word “kaizen” really means more like “continuous improvement.”

Lean is an approach. Lean came from Toyota.

Lean manufacturing was invented by Toyota in the 1950s, and it's all about eliminating waste.

Mark: It's not really “all” about eliminating waste… Toyota might say it's about continuous improvement and respect for people. Eliminating waste by respecting people and engaging them in continuous improvement… maybe the AI wasn't far off. But there's indeed more to say.

That's pretty much the only thing that you need to know about lean as a concept. But just in case you're interested in learning more:

Lean is an approach that focuses on solving problems by eliminating waste (or “muda,” as it's called in Japanese). Lean principles are derived from Toyota's manufacturing system, which has been used for decades to make millions of cars every year with very high quality standards and low costs. The goal of lean is not just to reduce costs but also improve customer value by delivering products faster than competitors can do so.

Mark: I do appreciate that the AI focused on quality and flow (lead time), not just cost. Good bot.

Lean is a journey, not a destination

Lean is a journey, not a destination.

A journey of continuous improvement. A journey of problem solving. A journey of leadership.

The lean methodology is about the long term.

The lean methodology is not just a one-time event, it's a continuous process. This can be hard to grasp when you're new to the concept of lean because of all the buzzwords surrounding it–streamline, eliminate waste and optimize are all common phrases in any lean project plan. But these terms have specific definitions when it comes to actual implementation:

Lean isn't just about cost reduction. It's also about improving the customer experience and employee experience by making sure everyone understands how their job contributes to overall goals. It takes time for people on a team or departmental level to learn how each person's role fits into the bigger picture–and that learning curve has nothing to do with being “slow” or “inefficient.”

Mark: Whoa, and not the AI is emphasizing that it's not just cost — but also about the customers and employees having better experiences.

The lean methodology is all about continuous improvement.

The key to lean is continuous improvement. That's right, I said continuous improvement. And that's exactly what it means: improving things every day, making small improvements every day, and having a problem-solving culture. It takes the concept of kaizen–a Japanese word meaning “change for better” or “improvement”–and applies it to every aspect of your organization so that you're always working toward better outcomes for patients and employees alike. In this way, lean healthcare is not just about making one big improvement (like installing brand new equipment), but rather creating a culture where everyone in the organization looks at problems they see on a daily basis as opportunities for improvement.

How to do Lean

Mark: We might want to “be Lean” or “act Lean” more so than “do Lean.”

We know you're busy, and we don't want to waste your time. So let's get right to it:

Identify a problem that needs solving. This is the only way to start a Lean journey.

  • Take action! After all, if nothing changes, nothing changes. Don't wait for someone else to do something about it–that's not Lean thinking at work. If there are people in your organization who are working on improving efficiency, ask them for advice or help with identifying areas where improvement could be made; if nobody has any ideas yet (or if nobody wants anything changed), then go ahead and make one yourself!
  • Learn from the results of this change–this could mean looking into how much time was saved thanks to making improvements (if any), or whether employees were satisfied with their jobs after receiving training on new processes they'd use every day at work (another example).

This step is especially important because it allows us all learn from mistakes before moving forward again with another solution – so make sure that everyone involved knows how much money/time/effort went into making these adjustments before deciding whether or not they should continue down this path toward increased efficiency within their organization.”

Mark: The AI is repeating the classic Taiichi Ohno advice of “start from need.” As John Shook asks, “What problem are you trying to solve?” And I love how the AI emphasizes the importance of learning from mistakes. Has it been listening to my podcast??

Implementing lean requires leadership at every level.

Now, you may be thinking, “But I'm a manager! I don't have time to lead!”

Don't worry: leadership and management are not the same thing. Leadership is about setting an example; it's about creating a vision and inspiring people to follow it. Management is more tactical in nature–it involves making sure things happen in the right order, at the right time, using the right resources.

Management is also different from supervision, which involves supervising others' work–and sometimes overseeing their performance evaluations as well.

Mark: Is the AI just padding for word count? Is this leadership vs. management detour helpful?

The organization must have a problem-solving culture.

Problem-solving culture is a key part of lean. Lean healthcare improvement isn't just about identifying problems and solving them; it's about continuous improvement, learning from mistakes, and transforming your organization into one that is able to adapt quickly to changing conditions (such as those brought on by new technology).

One way this can be achieved is through a problem-solving culture. You may have heard of “OKR” or “Objectives & Key Results.” This approach focuses on setting clear goals for your team and then measuring progress towards those goals in order to measure performance and identify areas where improvements need be made. The problem with this method is that it doesn't encourage any sort of reflection or introspection at all–you're just checking off items on your list as they get done. By contrast, the concept behind problem-solving cultures encourages employees within an organization to reflect deeply on their challenges; once they've reflected deeply enough, they come up with solutions that are tailored specifically for their environment (and not necessarily applicable everywhere else).

Mark: OK, the AI got off track with a discussion of OKRs… it would be more on-track to reference Strategy Deployment (a.k.a. “Hoshin Kanri”) as the method for creating alignment across the organization for goals and breakthrough improvements.

Implementing lean requires cross-functional teams.

In order to truly implement lean, you need cross-functional teams. Not just functional teams, or organizational teams–but cross-organizational and cross-cultural ones.

Just like how the Japanese use kanban cards to signal a need for something from another department, your healthcare organization needs measurable ways of letting people know that they should be working together to improve processes. On the other hand, having separate departments that don't communicate with each other can lead to inefficiencies and poor quality care.

Mark: The AI is running out of steam? That's an odd connection to kanban signals. Cross-functional teams are important and we might more likely use Value Stream Mapping or Process Mapping as a way to better understand the cross-functional and cross-departmental flows of work.

When we say “cross-functional” here at Healthy Healthcare Solutions (HHS), we really mean it: you should have not only different types of specialists working together but also specialists from different parts of your organization. For example, just imagine what a team made up purely of IT professionals would accomplish if they didn't have any medical professionals on board!

Mark: Whoa, bot. You just made up a consulting firm (HHS?) that you're pitching?

Implementing lean requires management that leads by example.

Many people think that lean management is just about leadership. However, it's not just about leadership–it's also about management. Leadership and management are two sides of the same coin: one cannot exist without the other. Management leads by example and sets a good example for others to follow. When they see their manager making efforts to improve their processes, employees will also try harder at their jobs and become more motivated overall.

Mark: This paragraph doesn't add much…

Organizing around a problem-solving culture and creating cross-functional teams can go a long way toward making your organization more efficient.

If you're looking to take your healthcare organization from an inefficient mess of separate silos to a lean, mean, problem-solving machine, here are three things that will help:

  • Leadership. As with most projects, leadership is key. It's not enough for your C-suite to say “make it happen.” They have to get involved and make sure everyone in the chain of command is working together toward a common goal. That means keeping their eyes on the ball at all times–not just when something goes wrong but also when everything's going right. A leader should be able to clearly articulate where they want their organization to go and what they need from each department in order for them to get there.
  • Cross functional teams are good too! Alongside this kind of leadership structure, organizing around cross functional teams can go a long way toward making things efficient within an organization–and as an added bonus–it makes everyone feel like they're doing something important!

Mark: Silly bot, that was only two things?? It's really running out of steam for sure…


We've all heard the phrase, “If you can't beat 'em, join 'em.” We think that this is just as true when it comes to implementing lean healthcare improvement. If you're not ready to fully embrace lean, start by adopting some of its principles. You'll be surprised how much your organization will benefit from them!

Mark: The intent and use case of the AI writing tool is to write a “good” first draft. I think it did surprisingly well at that task. What do you think?

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Mark Graban
Mark Graban is an internationally-recognized consultant, author, and professional speaker, and podcaster with experience in healthcare, manufacturing, and startups. Mark's new book is The Mistakes That Make Us: Cultivating a Culture of Learning and Innovation. He is also the author of Measures of Success: React Less, Lead Better, Improve More, the Shingo Award-winning books Lean Hospitals and Healthcare Kaizen, and the anthology Practicing Lean. Mark is also a Senior Advisor to the technology company KaiNexus.


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