Do Operating Rooms Need More Warning Signs to Prevent So-Called “Never Events”?
Medical errors are not a laughing matter. Harm (or death) resulting from preventable process problems are far more common than most people might think.
This headline caught my eye the other day:
A 70-year-old NHS patient in England was supposed to have an injection into his bladder, but was circumcised by mistake.
This is a good example of dry British “stiff upper lip” discussion:
However, there was a mix-up and afterwards Mr Brazier said he was told “sorry, but we've circumcised you“.
The 70-year-old said after the procedure he was left waiting for two hours until they broke the news and he just replied “Oh, have you?”
The hospital apologized (which is very British of them, even if things had gone well) but there's really no excuse for this type of so-called “never event” to happen.
Here are the 10 most frequently reported sentinel events for 2017, according to The Joint Commission:
1. Unintended retention of a foreign body — 116 reported
2. Fall — 114
3. Wrong-patient, wrong-site, wrong-procedure — 95
That doesn't mean that only happened 95 times… it was just reported 95 times. Underreporting of errors is a known problem in healthcare.
I've heard countless stories over the years that go like this (paraphrasing):
“We were supposed to operate on the right foot, but we mistakenly cut into the left (which was supposed to be done later)… so we did the left and then did the right, and told the patient they got two for the price of one.”
Sometimes, the consent is changed and they ask the patient to sign after the fact. That's not how things are supposed to work… that's a cover up. So, we know not all errors get reported, unfortunately. Hiding problems means we can't solve problems.
The patient was stunned, as quoted in this article:
“What I couldn't believe though was that I wasn't the only person that had been victim to a mistake (never event) in Leicester.
The article doesn't say how the man was incorrectly circumcised. There are supposed to be process checks along the way, including bar-coded wrist bands, identification checks, and surgeons confirming with the patient which procedure is supposed to be done. Wrong-patient (or wrong-site or wrong-side) errors are preventable, if we have good processes and a culture of “safety first.”
Was the surgeon or the O.R. team rushing for some reason? Were they prioritizing schedule and speed over quality and accuracy? We need to detect that “unsafe condition” before there's a bad event.
This article talks about a cause:
“…staff at Leicester Royal Infirmary mixed up his notes.”
It doesn't say HOW the notes were mixed up. What could have allowed that to occur? Why weren't there better process controls and error proofing in place?
And not to blame the patient (who had this correct procedure done three times before):
“Brazier told the Star he was so distracted chatting to nurses that he did not realise he was getting a different procedure until it was too late.”
At the bottom of the article about the circumcision error, there were links to related articles:
They're all shocking… but “wrong patient” and “blood sample mix up” are errors that I've sadly heard of before.
But “hospital posters? — What?
Again, while medical errors are NOT funny, I have often made this case when talking about the fallacy of “warning signs” being effective:
“If warning signs were really that effective, every operating room would have a sign like this…”
I didn't think signs like that exist. They'd be insulting to the surgeons, but that's not the point… errors are usually due to process problems or communication problems, not “bad surgeons.”
Then I saw that link…
Again, wuh? What the what?
Oxford University Hospitals NHS trust introduced the signs in staff areas at the John Radcliffe and Churchill following four “never events”.
They included the wrong person receiving an endoscopy, where a camera is inserted into a patient's throat.
Four of them. That's why I generally call them “so-called never events” — and I'm being serious not funny.
Medical director Dr Tony Berendt said: “These posters were put up in all staff areas recently as part of a suite of actions to remind staff to thoroughly check a patient's identity.
Do “reminders” really work? Do signs asking or demanding that people “be more careful” really help? I have an entire blog topic on this topic.
“The posters are part of a programme of work to ensure that patients receive the safest care possible.”
If there's truly an effective programme, then signs aren't necessary.
A spokesman added that while the current posters are internal, it is working on versions for public areas.
Do more signs mean more safety? Do BIGGER signs lead to fewer errors? Good grief.
I hope they don't put up public signs, because that would be a very embarrassing public admission that they don't know how to prevent errors… patients deserve better.
Can you imagine seeing a sign like that in a waiting room while you're there waiting for your loved one?