Those of us who grew up with “Schoolhouse Rock” will remember the song “3 is a Magic Number.”
I’m no numerologist, but I’ve always wondered… what’s special about 14?
Professor Liker recently posted this in his LinkedIn group:
On the magic number 14, I shuffled around my principles many times adding, subtracting, combining. I did want to avoid thirteen, but otherwise it was a coincidence.
So there you have it.
There is a strong parallel that point #1 in both lists is about long-term thinking. The 14 points aren’t meant to map directly to each other… but I’ve combined them into the table below.
|Dr. Deming’s 14 Points||The Toyota Way|
|1||Create constancy of purpose for improving products and services.||Base your management decisions on a long-term philosophy, even at the expense of short-term financial goals.|
|2||Adopt the new philosophy.||Create a continuous process flow to bring problems to the surface.|
|3||Cease dependence on inspection to achieve quality.||Use “pull” systems to avoid overproduction.|
|4||End the practice of awarding business on price alone; instead, minimize total cost by working with a single supplier.||Level out the workload (heijunka). (Work like the tortoise, not the hare.|
|5||Improve constantly and forever every process for planning, production and service.||Build a culture of stopping to fix problems, to get quality right the first time.|
|6||Institute training on the job.||Standardized tasks and processes are the foundation for continuous improvement and employee empowerment.|
|7||Adopt and institute leadership.||Use visual control so no problems are hidden.|
|8||Drive out fear.||Use only reliable, thoroughly tested technology that serves your people and processes.|
|9||Break down barriers between staff areas.||Grow leaders who thoroughly understand the work, live the philosophy, and teach it to others.|
|10||Eliminate slogans, exhortations and targets for the workforce.||Develop exceptional people and teams who follow your company’s philosophy.|
|11||Eliminate numerical quotas for the workforce and numerical goals for management.||Respect your extended network of partners and suppliers by challenging them and helping them improve.|
|12||Remove barriers that rob people of pride of workmanship, and eliminate the annual rating or merit system.||Go and see for yourself to thoroughly understand the situation (genchi genbutsu).|
|13||Institute a vigorous program of education and self-improvement for everyone.||Make decisions slowly by consensus, thoroughly considering all options; implement decisions rapidly (nemawashi).|
|14||Put everybody in the company to work accomplishing the transformation.||Become a learning organization through relentless reflection (hansei) and continuous improvement (kaizen).|
Of these 28 points, which are strongly followed in your organization? Which are the biggest opportunities for improvement?
About LeanBlog.org: Mark Graban is a consultant, author, and speaker in the “lean healthcare” methodology. Mark is author of the Shingo Award-winning books Lean Hospitals and Healthcare Kaizen, as well as The Executive Guide to Healthcare Kaizen. Mark is also the VP of Customer Success for the technology company KaiNexus. He lives in San Antonio, Texas.