Here is a very long article (set of articles, really) on Toyota and TPS. It includes thoughts from Taiichi Ohno, Fujio Cho, and Gary Convis.
I had previously heard that the phrase “Toyota Production System” itself wasn't created until about 1980 (although the tools were obviously developed over the decades after World War II). But this states:
“Although it began to take form after Ohno's return, it wasn't known as TPS until 1970.”
Be sure to scroll down (or search) for the Gary Convis piece, toward the bottom of the page. There is also a summary of the “14 Points” of The Toyota Way.
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